In this blog post, we discuss the value of an integrated approach to managing risk, compliance and security in the enterprise, using enterprise architecture as a backbone.
To be in control of the risks you run, the first thing you need is strategic insight into your organization from a risk management perspective. This requires having a consistent and up-to-date overview of your current landscape of products, processes, applications, and infrastructure, and all related risk & security aspects. C-level management cannot fulfill its responsibilities without knowing what the main risk-related issues are.
Having an understanding of these relationships also helps you to assess the effects of business decisions. This provides the business with a clear insight into the enterprise risks related to, for example, introducing new products and initiatives, outsourcing business processes or IT systems, or assimilating another organization after a merger. Thus, they can weigh the risk propensity of the enterprise against the potential consequences.
Moreover, the propagation of risks throughout the enterprise is of great concern to executives and operational management. Risks in one area may entail risks in another. For example, what are the potential ripple effects of a system failure, break-in, power outage, fraud or other mishap on critical business processes, services, clients, partners, markets…? Enterprise architecture helps you to create insight into these relations and dependencies, and thus avoid or mitigate potential disasters.
A related area in which EA provides tangible business value is in aligning security and risk management with business goals and objectives. Many organizations find it difficult to decide on the right level of security measures, and business managers often see this as a technical issue that is left to the IT people. They, in turn, don’t want to take any risks and create gold-plated solutions that are quite secure but also very expensive (and often rather unfriendly towards users).
Better alignment between business goals, architectural decisions and technical implementation helps the organization to spend its security budget wisely, focused on business-relevant risks. This may lead to both cost savings and lower risks, because you are not investing in overly strong security measures for unimportant stuff, leaving more budget to protect the things your enterprise really cares about.
Moreover, security is not something that can be ‘tacked on’ afterwards. Inherently insecure architectures and systems are very difficult to fix later on. Rather, security and risk management should be designed from the start, using the business goals of the enterprise to decide on appropriate measures.
Another common reason for having a mature EA practice, especially in heavily regulated sectors such as banking and insurance, is regulatory compliance. Central banks and other regulatory bodies mandate or at least strongly recommend that financial institutions have a well-established EA practice, to ensure they are in control of their operation. They may even audit these architectures or use them in other ways to assess the risks the organization runs. Of course, internal auditors, CISO’s, and risk managers benefit from using EA artifacts as well. The insights into enterprise-wide relations and dependencies that these provide are important inputs for their tasks.
Implementing standards and policies such as SEPA, Solvency II, Basel III and others requires enterprise-wide coordination, visibility and traceability from boardroom-level decisions on e.g. risk appetite of the organization, down to the implementation of measures and controls in business processes and IT systems. Enterprise architecture as a practice, and enterprise architecture models that capture these relations, are indispensable to managing the wide-ranging impact of such developments.
To fully benefit from the use of enterprise architecture in the context of security, compliance and risk management, we suggest that you focus on the following:
Use effective tool support. Software for fast and clear modeling, analyzing and visualizing provides the necessary insights. Enterprise Studio.